When you need to re-enter Canada you need either a
Permanent Resident Card or Travel Document
Permanent Resident Card and Permanent Resident Travel Document
Permanent Resident Card
claim days spent outside of Canada if they:
- Traveled with a Canadian spouse or common-law partner, or are a dependant child accompanying a parent, or
- Employed on a full-time basis by a Canadian business or the Public Service of Canada and are assigned to a position outside of Canada, or
- The spouse, common-law partner or child of a permanent resident who is outside Canada and who is employed on a full-time basis by a Canadian business or the Public Service of Canada.
If an immigration officer determines that you have not complied with your residency obligations and that the rules regarding time spent outside of Canada being counted towards time spent inside of Canada does not apply the officer may issue you a removal order that requires you to leave Canada.
Permanent Resident Travel Document
If you are outside of Canada and your Permanent Resident card is expired you can apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document. If you do not meet the residency obligations you may argue that there are sufficient Humanitarian and Compassionate Considerations that warrant the granting of an exemption form your failure to meet the residency obligation.
The Officer will have discretion to grant or deny your application and the onus rests on you to demonstrate that relief is warranted.
If you are outside of Canada and do not meet residency obligations a Canadian overseas visa Office may inform you in writing that you have lost your permanent residence status.
Appealing the decision
Individuals who have been issued a refusal or removal order for failing to meet their residency obligation may appeal their case at the Immigration Appeal Division within sixty days.
If you require assistance with respect to your residency obligation including calculating your days or determining if your time spent outside of Canada counted towards your time inside of Canada you may want to book a paid consultation with us to discuss your case.
Please note that this is general Information and should not be construed as legal advice.